Popular fruits of Southeast Asia: photos, names, descriptions
If you are planning to go on vacation to Asia, it is important to find out in advance the popular fruits of Thailand and Vietnam. Gastro-tour is one of the modern hobbies of intourists who plan to get acquainted with the national color, local cuisine. What are the Thai and Chinese fruits particularly beloved by visitors? The variety on offer at local markets is vast.
Durian (Trai cam tay)
This exotic Southeast Asian fruit resembles a ripe mango to the touch, but has an extremely unpleasant, even pungent smell. If properly selected in terms of ripeness, the taste of durian resembles ice cream, butter. Over-ripe fruits strongly stink, causing disgust.
Trai cam tay contains valuable ingredients that have a positive effect on the cardiovascular, immune and digestive systems. Thanks to the organic sulfur in the plant composition, durian has rejuvenating properties, removes free radicals and toxins from the body, “shrinks” from the face up to 5 years.
A close relative of durian, but without the specific smell, so it does not spoil the appetite. The melon-like fruit has a dense but viscous orange flesh with large brown seeds. Chempedak is characterized by an unusual taste, not characteristic of fruit and berries. If you don’t know what it is, you might think you’re tasting a sweet sugar bun. The season lasts from early May to the second half of August, depending on the region.
Chempedak contains vitamin A, which is good for vision, and dietary fiber for normal digestion. Components of the rind prevent the development of cancer cells, and the seeds with a low glycemic index are relevant for weight loss. Chempedak is a “calling card” of hospitable Thailand.
Mangosteen (Mang cut).
Studying southern fruits with photos and names, some become a real curiosity. Among them is the mangosteen, which tastes like a mixture of strawberries, grapes and peaches. The overripe fruit tastes like a nut. The mangosteen has a thick burgundy skin and orange flesh. It is better not to buy small fruits – there is nothing to eat in them. It is in season from June through August.
The mangosteen is a fruit similar to garlic. The fruit contains a high concentration of phosphorus and calcium, than are useful for the musculoskeletal system. B vitamins have a positive effect on digestion, strengthen the nervous system, and ascorbic acid is responsible for a strong immune system.
Papaya (Du du du).
Another name for the melon tree. Ripe papaya is dense to the touch, deep orange or yellow in color, with delicate flesh and melon flavor. Shelf life is 7 days in the refrigerator. Season – The tree bears fruit all year round in Thailand.
Papaya is good for digestion, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice and cures ulcers. Also the active components of the fruit strengthen blood vessels, improve blood microcirculation, and nourish brain cells. This dietary product: 100 grams of pulp contains 39 calories.
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The ripe fruit reaches 13 cm in diameter. The skin is yellow-green in color, and the flesh with small seeds is white or dark pink (depending on the variety). Guava is sold in Thai markets year-round and is used as a dessert or main course, added to sauces and condiments.
It is an ideal Oriental fruit for people who lose weight and diabetics, it is used to treat and prevent iron deficiency anemia, immunodeficiency disorders, dysentery and food poisoning.
Carambola (Averrhoa carambola)
When cut, this Asian fruit resembles a star and becomes an original decoration for a holiday table. Tourists eat it fresh and locals use it for preserves, pickles, desserts and drinks.
Heart-shaped fruit with yellow flesh normalizes blood pressure, stops migraine attacks, removes toxins, and eliminates vomiting. In addition, it is a reliable prevention of flu and acute respiratory infections.
Pitahaya (dragon fruit)
China’s most popular fruit, called the “heart of the Dragon” by locals and used to lower blood pressure and blood sugar, improve brain function and digestion. Externally it is an exotic pink fruit with white or purple flesh studded with small seeds. It is advisable to remove the seeds before eating.
This Vietnamese fruit is available year-round. The sapodilla resembles a kiwi, except that the flesh is white, pale yellow or slightly pink. Tourists are attracted by the pleasant taste – a mixture of persimmon and honey. When peeling the fruit, it is often difficult to remove the dense skin. Sapodilla has anti-inflammatory, regenerating, and nourishing properties.
Longan (Thai nhan).
This is a yellow fruit with a large stone, which looks similar to sapodilla, except there are no problems with peeling the fruit. The skin is dense brown in color. The flesh is white, delicate, with a taste of grapes and an aftertaste of melon.
Longan improves brain activity, strengthens the immune system, helps with depression, moping and insomnia. In Asian countries it is used as an anthelmintic. In season all year round.
Annona squamosa or Noyna.
The second name is the sugar apple. Externally, it is a bubbly apple with a gray-green rind and creamy flesh when ripe. This overseas fruit has a rich aroma, overly sweet flavor with an aftertaste of pine nut. The green fruits are dense, bitter and inedible.
Oncologists during chemotherapy recommend to include it in your diet. Also the fruit is useful for immunodeficiency conditions, abnormalities of the cardiovascular system.
Passion fruit (Granadilla, Chanh day)
The ripe fruit is heavy and wrinkled. The passion fruit has a dense red rind and yellow flesh with seeds and a distinct lemon smell. The taste of this unusual fruit is similar to sea buckthorn, currants, and gooseberries.
Passion fruit is used to make drinks and desserts, the zest is added to smoothies. The juice of the fruit can quench thirst and the pulp can lower the temperature and improve intestinal peristalsis.
Citron (Buddha’s Hand, Phat thu)
It is a natural antiseptic and a proven antiviral. The citron resembles a palm with fingers and tastes like lemon. In its fresh form the fruit is used very rarely, it is used for making jams, desserts, confectionery fillings, medicines. Contains a high concentration of vitamins A, C, E.
Pomelo (Trai buoi)
This yellow exotic fruit is a close relative of grapefruit, but contains less bitterness and tartness. A ripe fruit is identified by the hardness of its skin and its aroma. The softer the skin and the more pronounced the smell, the more chance you have of enjoying a mild orange flavor with a pleasant bitterness. In addition to its refined taste, it’s a prevention of flu and acute respiratory infections, and a lower risk of cancer.
Kaimito (“star apple”, kaimito)
In Vietnam’s list of fruits with photos and names, the most common is kaimito. You can buy the starry apple all year round. Outwardly, it is a dense apple of the Simirencoe variety, by feel – a ripe persimmon, by taste – a sweetish plum.
This fruit of Asia is useful for the cardiovascular system. In addition to removing atherosclerotic plaques and reducing cholesterol, it strengthens the walls of blood vessels and increases their permeability.
Lychee (lychee, “Chinese plum”)
This cactus-like tropical fruit has a thick red skin and a white kernel. It tastes like grapes and has a pleasant aftertaste. Lychee tones up your body and quenches your thirst, but most importantly, it is an inexhaustible source of vitamins B, C. The season is from May to July. The white fruit is transported in plastic bags or canned.
Salak and crawfish (“snake fruit,” fats and cancers)
Chompoo (Trai man, Chompoo).
This is a pear-like fruit that is essentially a “pink apple”. The skin is thin and delicate, and the fruit is not meant to be stored for a long time. The flesh is crispy, resembling a kiwi in taste. For quenching thirst find no better product, has tonic and restorative properties.
Tamarind (Indian date, Trai me)
This is a mixture of dates and churchella in flavor in a dense rind of rich brown color. If the fruit is shriveled, it means it is overripe and should not be eaten. Tamarind is more for the liking, and is added to food to improve the appetite. It is used to combat alcoholism, has antipyretic and laxative effects, and strengthens local immunity.
Langsat (loncon, Lansium parasiticum)
This green exotic fruit belongs to the category of “dicots”. Outwardly resembles a lemon, but smaller in size; taste is delicate, with a slight sourness. Before drinking it is important to remove the pit, which is very bitter. In Asian countries langsat juice is used as a local antiseptic and anti-inflammatory.
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A green fruit with thorns and dense skin. The flesh of the jackfruit is sweet and yellow on the outside, but similar in taste to Duchess pears. It is in season from January to August, depending on the region. Tourists eat the fruit raw and boiled, while locals add it to ice cream and desserts. It is considered the largest fruit on earth.
The most original in the list of exotic fruits, as it is distinguished by the increased hairiness of the rind. The season is from April to October. The skin is deep red, hairy; the flesh is white, transparent, sweet.
Raw seeds are poisonous. Rambutan is often canned with sugar, less often eaten raw. The fruit is used to prevent cancer, purify the kidneys and blood, renew cells, and as an anthelmintic.
Unlike all fruits, when ripe, the aki bursts and the pulp comes out. Only then is the fruit allowed to be eaten. The aki resembles a red pear in appearance and a vanilla dessert in taste. Unripe fruits are toxic, inedible, and harmful to health.
Attracts attention with its high vitamin B content, useful for the musculoskeletal and nervous systems. It also activates mental and physical activity, participates in cell renewal, strengthens the immune system and bones.
Mamey (sapota, Mamey).
Blue fruit with an orange heart and a large stone. It resembles an apricot in taste and blooms year-round. When losing weight, mamey becomes part of the daily diet, helps control weight, treats chronic constipation, strengthens local immunity. It also provides youthful skin and cell renewal. The season is June through August depending on the region.
Sourdough apple (Soursop)
Well and completes the list of tropical fruits of Asia a delicious green apple, the black seeds of which are considered poisonous. The main advantage is the weight of the fruits up to 7 kg each. The rind is dense, green in color, with thorns and spikes. The flesh – delicate, in taste resembles a refreshing lemonade. Of useful properties: fighting viruses and intestinal infections, improving liver function, treating nervous system disorders.
Now, knowing what exotic fruits are, all that remains is to organize an unforgettable gastro-tour in Thailand or Vietnam. Such a trip will also not be forgotten, especially if before some fruits remained a mystery, but now there is a clear idea of what they are.
Video review of exotic fruits with tips
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My name is Sergei, and I work as a guide in various cities in Europe, Asia, eastern Russia, also work as a manager in a large travel agency. During my travels I have experienced a lot of emotions, learned useful information about rest and prices, saw unique places, about which I hurry to share on the pages of my blog about tourism.
Exotic fruits of the world: names, photos and descriptions
Dragon’s eye, snake fruit, scaly annona, Buddha’s hand. Think these are some magical techniques from popular fantasy? Well, they’re not! We tell you about the most interesting exotic fruits of the world with names, photos and descriptions. Today we skip the usual pineapple, kiwi, and mango!
Small roundish fruits with red ruffled skin resemble plums. In fact, lychees are often called Chinese plums. It is sweet and juicy, with occasional mild acidity.
The yellow-orange skin with spikes blends very interestingly with the bright green flesh. Cavanaugh has a whimsical fresh taste, something between cucumber, kiwi, melon, and banana.
A.k.a. the eve or that bread tree. The fruit can grow really huge, several tens of kilograms. Inside the pulp collected in large, sugary-sweet slices that resemble a melon.
One of the most unusual citrus fruits in the world, which definitely deserves attention at least for its appearance. Otherwise, the citron does not differ much from the lemon, but it has a more floral flavor. It is often used to make jams or preserves.
Under the prickly peel of the funny shaggy ball hides a sweet transparent-white pulp. The rambutan seed is also edible. In addition, it makes a great jam and jams.
The first thing you notice about kaimito is the bright purple color of its skin and flesh. Otherwise, it tastes just like an ordinary apple, despite its jelly-like consistency.
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The fruit resembles a kiwi, and they are called a tree potato. The flesh is very viscous, but it is appreciated for its rare creamy caramel flavor.
The fruit resembles a small purple apple or pumpkin. The skin is dense, thick and inedible, and the flesh resembles garlic cloves. But despite their deceptive appearance, the fruits are sweet.
9. Passion fruit
The passion fruit is rightly considered one of the most useful exotic fruits. It is also widely used in cooking and for decoration. The pips take up an impressive portion of the fruit, but they too are edible and delicious.
It’s actually a legume, and it’s a date. But without that distinctive sour-sweet flavor, the selection would be incomplete. Tamarind is widely used in cooking from sweets to Worcester sauce.
The dragon fruit is actually a cactus fruit. On the outside is a red skin, but inside is a soft white flesh dotted with seeds. It is usually eaten with a spoon straight from the rind. Their flavor is fairly neutral.
Pepino fruits are most often bright yellow with prominent purple stripes. Cucumber, pumpkin and melon notes are intertwined in the flavor. But it is important to catch exactly the moment of ripeness, because unripe and overripe fruit are equally unpalatable.
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The fruit is similar to an apple, only green and flaky. The skin is uncomfortable to peel off, but underneath it hides a sweet, fragrant core. The main thing is that the fruit must be ripe, otherwise the noina is almost inedible.
In appearance, type of flesh, and taste, mammea is similar to a mixture of apricot and mango. The fruits grow very large, up to 20 cm, with one or more pips inside.
Even those who have never seen this exotic fruit have heard of the legendary smell of durian. The giant fruit is often forbidden to take in transport or hotels. But the pulp is very tender, almost candy-like and useful.
Behind the unremarkable appearance of the fluffy yellow tomato is a juicy pulp with a strawberry-pineapple flavor. Naranhillah is very popular in the preparation of cocktails and desserts.
Outwardly the whole fruit resembles a pear, but in the cut it cannot be confused with anything else. Guava can be eaten with its skin and seeds – it is not only tasty but also good for digestion.
The original name hides an even more original appearance. Clusters of rounded purple-brown fruits grow right on the trunk of the tree. The pulp is ideal for drinks, juices, jams, and other preparations.
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Or as it is also sometimes called – rakum. The brownish, creamy fruit is covered with small prickles. Therefore, lettuce must be carefully peeled with a knife. The flesh tastes like either a pear or a persimmon.
On the outside, kuruba resembles a zucchini or cucumber, but inside is a juicy, soft core with pips. The contents of the ripe fruit are sure to be a rich orange-brown color. A curious wine is made from kuruba.
Papaya is already quite popular and familiar around the world. It is a large fruit, in shape resembling a melon or pumpkin. The bright orange flesh is very tender. Unripe papaya is used in salads and main dishes.
Funny shaped fruits resemble an apple or a ribbed tomato. Chompu tastes unremarkable, but it is one of the most effective exotic fruits for quenching thirst.
The tropical star really looks like a star in section. Part of the carambola resembles an apple, so you can eat it right with the peel. By the way, the fruit is very juicy and helps you cope with thirst.
The ripe aki fruits sometimes look intimidating because they burst and the pulp and skin comes to the surface. The aki has an original nutty taste, but unripe fruits are poisonous, and a special treatment is mandatory.
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Another exotic fruit, which can easily be confused then with an apple, then with a plum. The flesh is quite hard and even crunchy, in taste close to mango and pineapple. Ambarella makes a great jam.
The little fruit looks like either a potato or a rooted kiwi. The skin is tough and completely inedible, but inside the fruit is sweet, juicy and flavorful.
This large citrus resembles a very large grapefruit, but its flesh is more often yellow and much sweeter. The pomelo has a very strong, pungent and complex citrus aroma.
The small, pretty citrus resembles tiny oranges, only milder. Surprisingly, the fruit does not need to be peeled and can be eaten whole. The kumquat has a very pungent citrus flavor that is hard to get rid of later.
The closest cousin of the longan is even more of a yellowish potato. The core, on the other hand, again resembles garlic cloves. The slices have an unusual sweet taste, but they can have bitter pips.
30. Bum balan
Many people have heard of bam balan as an exotic borscht-flavored fruit. And it’s true! That’s why, in its native Borneo, it is readily used in side dishes.