The sights of Bavaria. What to see
Lake Constance, also known as Lake Constance, is the third largest lake in Central Europe, fed by the waters of the full-flowing Rhine. Three countries are nestled on the picturesque shores of Lake Constance: Germany, Austria and Switzerland, each benefiting from its location.
The palace was built in the 18th century at the request of the princely bishops of the Schönborn family. Renowned architects from Mainz, Vienna and Paris worked on it under the direction of the talented and extraordinary Balthasar Neumann.
Were it not for the association with the “murder school,” the town of Dachau attracted travelers with its beautiful parks and ancient castles, towers and museums, fountains and monuments.
Altenburg Castle in Bamberg
Altenburg Castle was built on the highest of the seven hills of Bamberg, above the city, and it happened in 1109 (at least that’s the year the first mention of the castle is dated, although it seems very likely that it was built on top of an earlier fortress).
Bavarian land is famous for its majestic and unique castles. Among them the residence of King Ludwig II – Linderhof Castle – occupies a special place. The German ruler, who without exaggeration dedicated his entire life to building magnificent palaces, was very proud of Linderhof.
Near the town of Fussen in south-western Bavaria, not far from the Austrian border is the majestic castle of Neuschwanstein. Almost all of us, looking through the beautiful cliparts on the Internet, probably more than once came across pictures of this castle.
Nuremberg Historic Mile
Strictly speaking, the historical mile is 25 landmarks. This route was developed for tourists. It helps you run through the notable places of Nuremberg relatively quickly. The mile begins at the Freuentor Tower and ends near the Butcher Bridge.
Bamberg Cathedral in its present form was built in the 13th century. But this beautiful Romanesque building was originally founded by Emperor Henry II in 1002 and was consecrated in 1012. The first building was partially destroyed by fire in 1081.
The German Alps are a magical place where you can find steep and challenging slopes for the avid skier or snowboarder, and those who enjoy a quieter, more contemplative holiday will enjoy wandering the many mountain trails on the forested slopes.
New Town Hall in Munich
Indeed the seat of Munich’s city government, the New Town Hall is a marvelous example of Neo-Gothic architecture. Even if architecture is not your strong point, you are bound to be fascinated by its enormous 100-meter facade.
This fortress is the collective name for the three structures intended to defend the city. It consists of the Imperial Castle, the Fortress of the Imperial City, and the Burggrave’s Fortress. Not much has left of the Burggrave’s Fortress. The oldest building is the Pentagonal Tower, which was built in the 11th century.
Munich’s oldest church, consecrated in honor of St. Peter the Apostle, the Peterskirche traces its history back to the shrouded in time of 1150. The reasons why every Munich tourist simply has to see the Peterskirche are simple and compelling.
The Old Pinakothek in Munich
Fans and connoisseurs of painting probably know and probably have been to one of the largest art galleries in the world – located in Munich Old Pinakothek. By the way, Munich has not only the Old Pinakothek, but also two of the New Pinakothek.
Old Town Hall in Bamberg
The Old Town Hall in Bamberg is the most photographed city building in the city. It was built right in the middle of the river Regnitz, and not on an island. The townspeople dragged huge wooden logs into the river to build it.
Frauenkirche in Munich
Munich’s main church and the indispensable dominant feature of its architectural appearance, the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary, more commonly referred to as the Frauenkirche, is a magnificent example of Gothic architecture and one of Germany’s most revered cathedrals.
The Zugspitze is the highest point in Germany. The only place in the country where you can ski all year round. Enterprising builders even managed to erect a church on top to be closer to God.
St. Michael’s Abbey in Bamberg
St. Michael’s Abbey in Bamberg (Michaelsberg) is an old Benedictine monastery that has housed an almshouse since it closed in 1803 and still does today. After the bishopric of Bamberg was formed, which occurred under Emperor Henry II.
A marvelous plaything of the cutesy Baroque, the Azamkirche church in Munich is one of the most remarkable architectural creations of the Bavarian capital. A building with a white-and-gold facade, lavishly decorated with pilasters, moldings, rosettes, and everything else the capricious Baroque style has in its arsenal.
Munich’s Allianz Arena is often called the most spectacular stadium in Europe. It is also known as the “autocoat”, the “white bagel” and the “air cushion”. One look at the stadium is enough to understand that each of these nicknames has the right to live on.
The Englische Garten in Munich
No less popular than the Hofgarten is the Englischer Garten in Munich city center. Every day the park welcomes thousands of citizens and tourists who want to relax under the shady trees or by one of the many ponds. It is a perfect place for active rest lovers.
The sights of Bavaria include the Alpine landscape of amazing beauty, impressive cultural sites and interesting architecture of historic cities.
The capital of Bavaria, Munich, is optimistically considered by the Bavarians to be almost the capital of Germany, and its beauty attracts many tourists from all over the world. Munich’s sights begin at the central Marienplatz, where all the city’s major events and festivities take place and where there are many stores, restaurants, galleries and exhibition halls, as well as the Old and New City Halls, which are key attractions. A visit to Nymphenburg Palace, called the Bavarian Versailles, is no less curious. It rises in a delightful French garden, and just a few steps away is the entrance to the Botanical Gardens, one of Germany’s finest gardens. And Hellabrunn is the world’s first still-operating zoo. Also visit the St. Jakobsplatz City Museum, the Cinema Museum (good and rare films are shown here), the magnificent Residenz Museum, the Crystal Museum, the striking Königsplatz Pinakothek, the Hofgarten park and the tower lookout of the magnificent baroque Saint Michael’s Cathedral where the remains of Ludwig II are buried.
The capital of Bavaria, Munich, is optimistically considered by Bavarians to be almost the capital of Germany, and its beauties attract many tourists from all over the world.
And of course no visit to Munich or Bavaria is complete without a visit to Neuschwanstein Castle (German: “the new swan rock”). This enormous castle stands on the site of two fortresses, the front and back of the Schwangau, on a high hill of the Bavarian Alps, with a fantastic view of the Hohenschwangau Valley. Inside the castle is a magnificent garden, and Neuschwanstein itself consists of the Knights’ House, the Palace (the central, palatial structure), and the Kemenate Building (“palace with a fireplace”). According to stories, the Reichsbank gold was once stored here, which then disappeared to an unknown destination. It is believed that this castle was the prototype for the fairy tale castle of Sleeping Beauty in Disneyland in Paris.
The foothills of the Alps are a separate sight in Bavaria, suitable for hiking tours. It is also home to the famous Eagle’s Nest, a carved stone house that was once presented to Adolf Hitler on his jubilee.
Do not miss the huge lake Kimsee with its two islands, Heeren and Fraueninsel. Here tourists are treated to a fascinating excursion to Herreninsel, the last and perhaps the most ambitious of all the palaces built by King Ludwig II.
The Partnachklamm Gorge in Bavaria is famous for its rock caves. Perhaps the most visited place here is Partnachklamm Waterfall. After an avalanche in 1991, a small lake was formed in the gorge, to which a tunnel with an artificial gallery was built in 1992.
On the banks of the Danube, not far from Regensburg, there is a Walhalla – a repository of busts and memorials with the names of famous figures of science and culture, musicians, military leaders and other famous people.
In Nuremberg it is worth visiting the famous dolphinarium and the no less famous Nuremberg Zoo, famous for the fact that it is home to the famous Flocke bear cub, abandoned by a mother bear and fed by the zoo staff. He is now the zoo’s symbol and gets most of the attention – and souvenirs from all over the world.
Bavaria’s most beautiful cities
Bavaria is the largest region in Germany in terms of area and has magnificent landscapes. The beauty of rivers, lakes, alpine meadows and mountains will impress even seasoned travelers. Every corner of Bavaria has an inexpressible local flavor. The natural beauty of this beautiful land attracts millions of tourists every year. Moreover Bavaria is famous for its balneology spas. It is full of monuments: the majestic castles, gothic cathedrals, charming houses in the style of half-timbered houses. Bavaria is beautiful in all seasons. The mild climate allows you to visit this fabulous land in any season.
Top 10 most beautiful cities in Bavaria
- Munich – the heart of Bavaria.
- Regensburg – the cozy Middle Ages.
- Nuremberg – memories of the Roman Empire.
- Bamberg – German Venice.
- Würzburg – colorful and bright.
- Rothenburg ob der Tauber – the charm of antiquity.
- Harburg – the city of castles.
- Augsburg – dusky antiquity.
- Lindau – a rich history.
- Passau – nice little town.
Munich – the tourist center of Bavaria
Munich is the capital of the Bavarian region. It is an ancient city with centuries of history. It was founded in 1158. There are many beautiful buildings from the Middle Ages, beautiful gardens, as well as masterpieces of modern architecture. Many tourists begin their sightseeing with the center of Munich – Marienplatz Square. This is the busiest place in the city, where annual festivals and celebrations are held. From the square you can see the jewel of Munich – the New Town Hall. It’s probably the most beautiful building in the city. The building is relatively new, it was built in 1905, but it amazes with its magnificence. The building was created in the neo-Gothic style. Many columns and peaks pointing upwards make it austere and elegant. The three-story building has a high tower with a clock and balconies. In addition, the facade is richly decorated with sculptures of kings, dukes and various mythical characters.
On the other side of Marienplatz is Old City Hall built in the 14th century. It’s a charming Gothic-style building with upward facing domes and superstructures. Inside is a museum of toys, among the exhibits: old dolls, animal models, toy railroads. Also of interest is the Fischbrunnen Fountain, located on the square. It is decorated with sculptures of fish and people. Works even in winter, because the water in it is specially heated. From Marienplatz it is easy to get to another square – Platzl to visit the famous Hofbräuhaus beer hall. Duke Wilhelm V. had it built back in 1589. At that time it was the brewery of the royal residence. Once inside, tourists can admire the beautiful vaulted ceilings with colored paintings, which are supported by powerful columns. It is the largest beer garden in the world, its hall can accommodate 3500 people. Here you can taste not only the famous Bavarian beer, but also classic German sausages, strudel and Bavarian cream.
Many of Munich’s attractions are located on the Odeonsplatz. Among them:
- Theatinerkirche church;
- Tambosi cafe;
- The royal residence.
The jewel in the square is the Teatinerkirche, the Catholic collegiate church of St. Cajetan. It is the first church in Bavaria built in the late Italian Baroque style. It was the court church of the Teathen Order. The bright yellow building with two towers topped with domes catches the eye immediately. The original facade is decorated with sculptures, columns and stepped projections. Also worth a visit is the renowned Frauenkirche church, the Cathedral of the Blessed Virgin Mary. It is Munich’s most recognizable object and its architectural symbol. The building was erected in the Gothic style, the date of construction began in 1469. This is the tallest monumental structure in the city, its length is 109 meters, the towers are 98.5 meters high. To the west of Munich is the Nymphenburg palace complex (Nymphenburg Castle). The building was built in 1675 and is the largest royal castle in Europe. Five generations of the Bavarian Wittelsbach dynasty were constantly completing and expanding it.
In front of the palace stretches a huge park, forming with it a single unit. Inside you can see the famous Gallery of Beauties – portraits of 36 of the most beautiful women in Europe. This place is a tourist Mecca of Munich. Of modern attractions will be interesting to see the Olympic Park, where there is a revolving restaurant at the top of a high tower. There is also a famous rock museum, which contains personal belongings of popular performers of this genre. Car enthusiasts will be drawn to the BMW Museum with its futuristic design. There are original exhibits that tell the story of the development of BMW.
Regensburg is the tourist mecca of Bavaria
Regensburg is the oldest Bavarian city with interesting architecture and history. The date of its foundation is 1245. This is one of the most visited places by tourists. It lies at the confluence of the rivers Danube and Regens, which divides it into two parts. There are many old buildings, which keeps the spirit of Bavarian history. For many years Regensburg was the capital of the dukes and the richest city in the region. The oldest testimony to the antiquity is the Porta Praetoria – the northern gate of the ancient camp of legionaries. They were built in 179. Part of the gate has survived to this day. This was the site of the Roman military camp of Castra Regina. Later it became the center of the settlement, which became Regensburg. The Port of Pretoria Gate was integrated into the Bischofshof complex to preserve it as a cultural heritage.
A medieval building is the old town hall (beginning of construction – 13th century), which has an interesting history. It is a complex of buildings, where meetings of the Reichstag, the highest legislative body of the Holy Roman Empire, took place. In 1207 Regensburg received the status of an imperial city. First the tower was built, part of the buildings and the town hall were added by the end of the 14th century. Construction was finally completed by 1723. New elements were constantly being added, so the structure combines early and late Gothic and Baroque elements. There is now a museum of the Reichstag and the torture chamber is part of it. A popular tourist spot is the Stone Bridge. This is one of the main attractions of the city and a masterpiece of medieval architecture. The bridge was built in 1146 by Louis VII, and for the next few centuries it was the only crossing over the Danube. It was used by the German kings during the 2nd and 3rd Crusades. In the 17th century it was blown up during the war with the Swedes, then rebuilt a century later.
Regensburg Cathedral is another pilgrimage site for tourist groups. It is the finest example of Gothic Bavarian architecture. Its construction began in 1275 and was finished in 1634, and the towers were completed two centuries later. It is the main church of the diocese of Regensburg and many royal families were baptized here. The cathedral is active and there is a choral chapel, widely known throughout the world. Also worth visiting in Regensburg:
- Valhalla Hall of Fame;
- the Basilica of St. Emmeram;
- the princely residence;
- the salt house;
- the bridge tower.
Nuremberg – a model of brutality
Nuremberg is a city in northern Bavaria, the largest cultural and economic center, preserving the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. For a long time it was the residence of German kings. Now it attracts many tourists, thanks to the interesting sights. Nuremberg Fortress is a remarkable monument of medieval architecture. This is the collective name of the complex of protective constructions, the first of which began to be built in the 11th century. The basic elements of the complex are: the imperial castle (Kaiserburg), the burgrave castle, the imperial fortress. Nuremberg Castle is located on top of a cliff overlooking the old city. Inside the complex you can visit the observation tower, chapel, galleries, and dungeons. A striking attraction of the fortress – Deep well, cut through the rock at 47 meters.
The church of St. Sebald is one of the most beautiful churches of Nuremberg. It is a building with a typical Gothic appearance of the Middle Ages: a high tower, elongated windows, numerous columns and arches. Once inside, you can admire the beautiful vaulted dome, sculptures, paintings and stucco. Another Gothic masterpiece is the Knights Church of St. Lawrence. It is the oldest Lutheran church in Bavaria, with construction dating back to the 13th century. The church organ inside is the second largest organ in Germany. Other interesting buildings include the Dürer House Museum, the Nassau House, the Church of Our Lady, and the Zeichhaus.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber – the most romantic.
It is a small town in the district of Central Franconia. Its population is only 11,000 inhabitants. Despite this, it is a place very popular with tourists all over the world. Rothenburg ob der Tauber has a special charm. The medieval city center with its gingerbread houses seems to come from the pages of fairy tales.
Most of the city is walled and can be walked on to view it from above. Tourists can see the town hall and the market square, which is the heart of Rothenburg ob der Tauber. This is the most popular place for city residents to have a great time. Here are often held performances of musicians, theatrical performances. An interesting monument of antiquity is the House of Crafts. For a long time, it has served as a workplace for masters and craftsmen of the city. Now there are expositions that reproduce that remarkable era. The pride of Rothenburg ob der Tauber is the Church of St. James. It is an imposing building with towers rising high and narrow Gothic windows. The main value of the church is the altar, decorated with a stained-glass window. In addition, you can see a variety of objects from the medieval era, paintings, sculptures. The city has several museums, extremely interesting with their exhibits. Among them is a museum of the imperial city with a rich collection of weapons, crockery, paintings. Other popular cultural institutions: the Museum of Criminology, the German Christmas Museum.
Bamberg – nice and charming
Bamberg is a city on seven hills with the River Regnitz running through it. It is incredibly cute and distinctive. Tourists are drawn not only to the historic buildings, but also to the picturesque landscapes. The areas of Bamberg, located near the river, called the German Venice, it is a very beautiful sight. In some places, the water adjoins the houses and sidewalks, creating romantic landscapes. On an artificial island in the middle of the river stands the old town hall of Bamberg, a building from the 14th century. It was rebuilt several times, so it has Gothic, Rococo, and Baroque features. On the hill Domberg is the Rose Garden, which transforms the landscape into a place of paradise. Here you can walk, admire the fountain and statues of German sculptors.
On Mount Michelsberg rises the Abbey of St. Michael. A majestic structure with sharp peaks of towers perfectly complements the city panorama. It is an ancient Benedictine monastery founded in 1015. Inside it is an even more beautiful sight than the outside. On its vaults are depicted various flowers and plants. The walls are decorated with exquisite carvings and there are beautiful sculptures everywhere. A popular tourist attraction is Bamberg Cathedral. This is a religious landmark built in the 11th century. Peter and George Cathedral is the main and most beautiful church in Bamberg. Pope Clement II was buried here as well as Henry II, Emperor of the Roman Empire and the first king of Germany. It is a fine example of Romanesque architecture with Gothic towers. You can learn the history of the city by visiting the Historical Museum of Bamberg. There are stone sculptures, a collection of ancient clocks, coins and astronomical instruments.